THE MICHIGAN COLLABORATIVE FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES

Shifting the paradigm of type 2 diabetes care through dissemination of best practices and partnering to remove barriers to care.

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Recent News

Healthy Eating Jumpstart Program protocol paper published in JMIR

The Healthy Eating Jumpstart program team recently published a protocol paper in the Journal of Medical Internet Research. Learn more about the pilot QI program pilot, which aimed to improve diet quality among people with T2D and food insecurity by using grocery delivery and low-carbohydrate nutrition education.
Healthy Eating Jumpstart is a joint CQI program and collaboration between HBOM and the Michigan Collaboration for Type 2 Diabetes (MCT2D).
See the "Grocery Delivery to Support Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: Protocol for a Pilot Quality Improvement Program" protocol paper abstract below or go to the source.

Abstract

Background: People with low income are disproportionately affected by type 2 diabetes (T2D), and 17.6% of US adults with T2D experience food insecurity and low diet quality. Low-carbohydrate eating plans can improve glycemic control, promote weight loss, and are associated with improved cardiometabolic health and all-cause mortality. Little is known about supporting low-carbohydrate eating for people with T2D, although food-as-medicine interventions paired with nutrition education offer a promising solution.
Objective: This program aims to support the initiation of dietary changes by using grocery delivery and low-carbohydrate education to increase the quality of low-carbohydrate nutrition among people with T2D and food insecurity.
Methods: This program was a nonrandomized pilot conducted at 21 primary care practices in Michigan. Adults with T2D and food insecurity or low income were eligible to enroll. Patients were referred by primary care clinic staff. All participants received the 3-month program, which included monthly US $80 credits for healthy foods, free grocery delivery from Shipt, and low-carbohydrate nutrition education. Food credits were restricted to the purchase of healthy foods. Education materials, developed in collaboration with providers and patients, included print, digital, interactive web, and video formats. At enrollment, participants completed a survey including demographics, diabetes health, diet and physical activity, and diabetes management and knowledge. After the 3-month program, participants completed a survey with repeat assessments of diabetes health, diet and physical activity, and diabetes management and knowledge. Perspectives on participant experience and perceived program impact, food purchasing behaviors, and use of educational materials were also collected. Diabetes health information was supplemented with data from participant medical records. We plan to perform mixed methods analysis to assess program feasibility, acceptability, and impact. Primary quality improvement (QI) measures are the number of patients referred and enrolled, use of US $80 food credits, analysis of food purchasing behavior, participant experience with the program, and program costs. Secondary QI measures include changes in hemoglobin A1c, weight, medications, self-efficacy, diabetes and carbohydrate knowledge, and activity between baseline and follow-up.
Results: This program started in October 2022. Data collection is expected to be concluded in June 2024. A total of 151 patients were referred to the program, and 83 (55%) were enrolled. The average age was 57 (SD 13; range 18-86) years, 72% (57/79) were female, 90% (70/78) were White, and 96% (74/77) were of non-Hispanic ethnicity. All participants successfully ordered grocery delivery during the program.
Conclusions: This pilot QI program aimed to improve diet quality among people with T2D and food insecurity by using grocery delivery and low-carbohydrate nutrition education. Our findings may help inform the implementation of future QI programs and research studies on food-as-medicine interventions that include grocery delivery and education for people with T2D.
International Registered Report Identifier (IRRID):DERR1-10.2196/54043 JMIR Res Protoc 2024;13:e54043
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PROJECTS

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The Low Carb JUMPSTART

Introducing JUMPSTART, a one-stop interactive learning portal for patients who are low carb curious or who are seeking a starting point for diabetes-friendly nutritional information.

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OUR PATIENTS

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Patient Perspectives

Meet Frankie, MCT2D patient advisor

Meet Frankie, MCT2D patient advisor Frankie, who started on a lower carb lifestyle with the support of his doctor in September 2021. He's since lost 120 pounds and no longer takes insulin.

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