ADA 2022 Poster: Michigan Collaborative for Type 2 Diabetes: Mixed Methods Change Readiness Assessment of Provider Organizations and Clinical Champions

headshot of Heidi Diez
Presented at the 2022 American Diabetes Association (ADA) 82nd Scientific Sessions held June 3-7th, 2022. The poster and presentation will be presented by MCT2D Pharmacist Lead Heidi Diez, PharmD.
Download a PDF version of the poster


Optimal glycemic control and avoiding cardiovascular, renal, and metabolic complications are important treatment goals in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). The Michigan Collaborative for Type 2 Diabetes (MCT2D) is a state-wide collaborative quality initiative launched in 2021 and supported by Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan. A total of 27 physician organizations (POs) enrolled 238 primary care practices along with collaborating specialists across the state with the goal of improving T2D care. MCT2D has identified optimizing use of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA), low carbohydrate diets (LCD), and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) as initial quality initiatives. We conducted a mixed methods study of POs and practices to understand factors that will influence successful implementation. 
We conducted qualitative interviews with leaders from all 27 POs using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to assess anticipated barriers and needs. We then surveyed clinical champions at each participating practice on confidence for implementing these initiatives. Of the 238 practices, 202 consented to de-identified use of their responses. 
Qualitative results identified 10 common barriers: patient activation, motivation, and engagement; clinician engagement and change fatigue; busy physician schedules; clinician education needs; lack of resources; access to dieticians for LCD counseling; access to diabetes education; cost of GLP1-RAs and SGLT2is; CGM insurance coverage limitations; and impact to risk sharing contracts. The percentage of clinical champions who responded as moderately, mostly or very confident that their practice could increase use were, 88.1% for GLP1-RAs and SGLT2is, 86.1% for CGMs, and 89.6% for LCDs. Several practical barriers will need to be addressed to successfully implement MCT2D’s initial quality initiatives.



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Blue Cross Blue Shield Blue Care Network of Michigan

Support for the Michigan Collaborative on Type 2 Diabetes is provided by Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan and Blue Care Network as part of the BCBSM Value Partnerships program. BCBSM’s Value Partnerships program provides clinical and executive support for all CQI programs. To learn more about Value Partnerships, visit Although Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan and the Michigan Collaborative on Type 2 Diabetes work in partnership, the opinions, beliefs, and viewpoints expressed by MCT2D do not necessarily reflect the opinions, beliefs, and viewpoints of BCBSM or any of its employees.