Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) Literature Review

Utilizing the Ambulatory Glucose Profile to Standardize and Implement Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Clinical Practice

Johnson ML, Martens TW, Criego AB, Carlson AL, Simonson GD, and Bergenstal RM. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.Jun 2019.S2-17-S2-25.http://doi.org/10.1089/dia.2019.0034

Utility of Real-Time and Retrospective Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Ida S, Kaneko R, Murata K. Utility of Real-Time and Retrospective Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. J Diabetes Res. 2019 Jan 15;2019:4684815. doi: 10.1155/2019/4684815. PMID: 30775385; PMCID: PMC6350576.

The Effect of Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring on Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Ehrhardt NM, Chellappa M, Walker MS, Fonda SJ, Vigersky RA. The effect of real-time continuous glucose monitoring on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2011 May 1;5(3):668-75. doi: 10.1177/193229681100500320. PMID: 21722581; PMCID: PMC3192632.

Heterogeneity of Responses to Real- Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring (RT-CGM) in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Its Implications for Application

Fonda SJ, Salkind SJ, Walker MS, Chellappa M, Ehrhardt N, Vigersky RA. Heterogeneity of responses to real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) in patients with type 2 diabetes and its implications for application. Diabetes Care. 2013 Apr;36(4):786-92. doi: 10.2337/dc12-1225. Epub 2012 Nov 19. PMID: 23172975; PMCID: PMC3609537.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Non–Insulin-Using Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: Acceptability, Feasibility, and Teaching Opportunities

Allen NA, Fain JA, Braun B, Chipkin SR. Continuous glucose monitoring in non-insulin-using individuals with type 2 diabetes: acceptability, feasibility, and teaching opportunities. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2009 Mar;11(3):151-8. doi: 10.1089/dia.2008.0053. PMID: 19216684; PMCID: PMC2939842.

Use of a real time continuous glucose monitoring system as a motivational device for poorly controlled type 2 diabetes

Yoo HJ, An HG, Park SY, Ryu OH, Kim HY, Seo JA, Hong EG, Shin DH, Kim YH, Kim SG, Choi KM, Park IB, Yu JM, Baik SH. Use of a real time continuous glucose monitoring system as a motivational device for poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2008 Oct;82(1):73-9. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2008.06.015. Epub 2008 Aug 12. PMID: 18701183.

The Cost-Effectiveness of Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring (RT-CGM) in Type 2 Diabetes

Fonda SJ, Graham C, Munakata J, Powers JM, Price D, Vigersky RA. The Cost-Effectiveness of Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring (RT-CGM) in Type 2 Diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2016 Jun 28;10(4):898-904. doi: 10.1177/1932296816628547. PMID: 26843480; PMCID: PMC4928220.

Effectiveness and acceptability of continuous glucose monitoring for type 2 diabetes management: A narrative review

Taylor PJ, Thompson CH, Brinkworth GD. Effectiveness and acceptability of continuous glucose monitoring for type 2 diabetes management: A narrative review. J Diabetes Investig. 2018 Jul;9(4):713-725. doi: 10.1111/jdi.12807. Epub 2018 Mar 1. PMID: 29380542; PMCID: PMC6031515.

Continuous glucose monitoring: A review of the evidence in type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus

Wood A, O'Neal D, Furler J, Ekinci EI. Continuous glucose monitoring: a review of the evidence, opportunities for future use and ongoing challenges. Intern Med J. 2018 May;48(5):499-508. doi: 10.1111/imj.13770. PMID: 29464891.

The Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Meade LT. The use of continuous glucose monitoring in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2012 Feb;14(2):190-5. doi: 10.1089/dia.2011.0086. Epub 2011 Sep 20. PMID: 21933000.

The Effectiveness of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review of Literature and Meta-analysis

Park C, Le QA. The Effectiveness of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review of Literature and Meta-analysis. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2018 Sep;20(9):613-621. doi: 10.1089/dia.2018.0177. Epub 2018 Aug 10. PMID: 30095980.

Effect of Continuous Glucose Monitoring on Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Basal Insulin: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Martens T, Beck RW, Bailey R, et al. Effect of Continuous Glucose Monitoring on Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Basal Insulin: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2021;325(22):2262–2272. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7444

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Versus Self- monitoring of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis

Janapala RN, Jayaraj JS, Fathima N, et al. Continuous Glucose Monitoring Versus Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis. Cureus. 2019;11(9):e5634. Published 2019 Sep 12. doi:10.7759/cureus.5634

Short- and Long-Term Effects of Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Vigersky RA, Fonda SJ, Chellappa M, Walker MS, Ehrhardt NM. Short- and long-term effects of real-time continuous glucose monitoring in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2012 Jan;35(1):32-8. doi: 10.2337/dc11-1438. Epub 2011 Nov 18. PMID: 22100963; PMCID: PMC3241321.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Versus Usual Care in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Receiving Multiple Daily Insulin Injections: A Randomized Trial

Beck RW, Riddlesworth TD, Ruedy K, Ahmann A, Haller S, Kruger D, McGill JB, Polonsky W, Price D, Aronoff S, Aronson R, Toschi E, Kollman C, Bergenstal R; DIAMOND Study Group. Continuous Glucose Monitoring Versus Usual Care in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Receiving Multiple Daily Insulin Injections: A Randomized Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Sep 19;167(6):365-374. doi: 10.7326/M16-2855. Epub 2017 Aug 22. PMID: 28828487.

Clinical Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

Carlson AL, Mullen DM, Bergenstal RM. Clinical Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2017 May;19(S2):S4-S11. doi: 10.1089/dia.2017.0024. PMID: 28541137; PMCID: PMC5444486.

Clinical and economic benefits of professional CGM among people with type 2 diabetes in the United States: analysis of claims & lab data

Sierra JA, Shah M, Gill MS, Flores Z, Chawla H, Kaufman FR, Vigersky R. Clinical and economic benefits of professional CGM among people with type 2 diabetes in the United States: analysis of claims and lab data. J Med Econ. 2018 Mar;21(3):225-230. doi: 10.1080/13696998.2017.1390474. Epub 2017 Oct 17. PMID: 28994334.

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